By James F. Eder
For many of the twentieth century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have demonstrated homesteads and new methods of existence on Palawan Island, a one-time wooded area wasteland. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and wealthy groups in accordance with in the neighborhood variable combos of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity provides an research of socioeconomic switch in a single Palawan settler neighborhood based throughout the Nineteen Forties. in keeping with unique details on the degrees of neighborhood, loved ones and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 easy issues: the advance of a post-frontier village financial system; loved ones thoughts for survival and prosperity; and person goals as they relate to rules approximately social status and private worthy. those issues are attached into an built-in research of switch in the neighborhood throughout time and set in the context of wider adjustments in society.
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Extra info for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines
But the concern is about the severe environmental degradation accompanying commercial logging, in-migration, and forest settlement, not about the nature of rural socioeconomic structure. Many Philippine uplands remain dominated by smallholder forms of production. As in the Tengger highlands of Java studied by Hefner (1990), these forms may prove particularly tenacious in view of the ecological and political realities. The Nature of Philippine Development The Philippines is a rich country, rich in human capital and natural resources, and yet its people are poor, among the poorest in Southeast Asia.
Of these, nickel is the most important. Palawan’s forests are an important source of timber both for use locally and for export to Japan and other countries. Dipterocarpacae are not dominant in Palawan’s forests as elsewhere in Developing Community, Developing Region 31 the Philippines; apitong (Dipterocarpus grandiflorus) is the principal commercially important species. But Palawan is also home to relatively dry, monsoonal forests of a type known as molave forest (Kummer 1992:43). Here are found such beautiful and durable hardwoods as narra (Pterocarpus indicus) and ipil (Intsia bijuga), highly prized on both the local and export markets for furniture manufacture (Bee 1987:10–11).
First, it is intensive. According to Netting, intensive agriculturalists produce “high annual or multicrop yields from permanent fields that are seldom or never rested, with fertility restored and maintained by such practices as deep tillage, crop diversification and rotation, animal husbandry, fertilization, land surface modification such as ridging or terracing, irrigation, and drainage” (1989:221). 3 Population Growth in San Jose, 1941–1995 Year Number of Households Number of Persons 1941 16 1950 40 1971 112 1981 164 1988 278 1,565 1995 477 2,175 765 Developing Community, Developing Region 35 tion inputs per unit of land per unit of time (Boserup 1965; Brush and Turner 1987:8).
A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines by James F. Eder