Read e-book online Aeschylus: Persae PDF

By Aeschylus

ISBN-10: 0199269890

ISBN-13: 9780199269891

Aeschylus' Persae, first produced in 472 BC, is the oldest surviving Greek tragedy. it's also the one extant Greek tragedy that offers, now not with a mythological topic, yet with an occasion of contemporary historical past, the Greek defeat of the Persians at Salamis in 480 BC. not like Aeschylus' different surviving performs, it's it sounds as if now not a part of a attached trilogy. during this re-creation A. F. Garvie encourages the reader to evaluate the Persae by itself phrases as a drama. it isn't a patriotic get together, or a play with a political manifesto, yet a real tragedy, which, faraway from featuring an easy ethical of hybris punished through the gods, poses questions referring to human soreness to which there are not any effortless solutions. In his creation Garvie defends the play's constitution opposed to its critics, and considers its type, the potential of thematic hyperlinks among it and the opposite performs offered through Aeschylus at the comparable party, its staging, and the country of the transmitted textual content. The statement develops in higher element a few of the conclusions of the creation.

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Extra resources for Aeschylus: Persae

Example text

In the final kommos too the ‘moral’ is forgotten. At 911 and 921 Xerxes and the Chorus take us back to the idea of a nameless daemon as responsible for the disaster. Winnington-Ingram, who sees that there is a problem, can remark only (14–15) ‘Aeschylus must have hoped that his audience would be more perceptive [than the Chorus]’, while Georges explains that for Aeschylus and his audience barbarians are incapable of understanding anything. Those who follow this line have to make an exception for Darius himself, the barbarian propounder of the ‘moral’.

They are, however, undeniably present in the text, and it is not unreasonable to assume that Aeschylus knew what he was doing. Even if the echoes were unconscious they are a clue to the way in which his mind was working. 84 At the beginning we hear of the huge host which went with Xerxes to Greece, in the catalogues of the commanders of 10,000 or 30,000 men, in the Messengerscene of the vastly superior numbers of the Persians at Salamis, only to turn into the hosts of those who, on a single day (431–2), were killed, so that from 83 Garvie, Supplices 68–9, Choephori xxxvi–xxxviii.

Of the fragments. Taplin 195–6 is sceptical about the whole procedure. Gantz favours the reasonable view that A. generally composed connected trilogies, but that it was by no means his rule to do so. He excludes Persae from his discussion, as being not a member of a connected trilogy. See also Flintoff 68–71, for whom the form was probably ‘inherited by Aeschylus rather than devised by him’. Sommerstein 61–4 revives the old view that the tragedians might present pairs of plays in the form of dilogies.

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Aeschylus: Persae by Aeschylus

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