By Hans Ruthenberg
In early 1961 the Ho-Institut fur Wirtschaftsforschung (Ho-Institute for monetary study) tested an "African reports Centre" with the aid of the Fritz-Thyssen-Foundation to behavior examine into the industrial and political difficulties of constructing nations, with spe cial connection with the African international locations. through investigations into thestructure and customers of improvement within the constructing international locations, the reviews Centre will objective at contributing in the direction of the production of a real basis, at the foundation of which the Federal Republic's increase ment coverage will be performed successfully. during this "age of improvement" the social and fiscal sciences are faced with manifold initiatives. In fixing those, interdisciplinary co operation will turn out beneficial or even crucial, if incorrect and slim decisions are to be shunned. Co-operation among scientists and institutes engaged in several branches of analysis will make attainable a greater und er status of the advanced sensible dating which make sure fiscal occasions and their mutations outdoors Western business society than can be in most cases completed by means of an remoted technique. clever total financial making plans, for instance, calls for technological research simply up to an actual wisdom of social constitution or actual context. At this element the economist needs to co-operate heavily with the engineer if he needs to prevent wasting his means usually styles of development. For, "des lors que nous parions (du developpement) en quantites globales, nous ne parions de rien" (LoUIs ]OSEPH LEBRET).
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Extra info for Agricultural Development in Tanganyika
The price per gallon is 3-4 shs. Some farmers are buying Jersey cows from the estates in order to seIl milk to their neighbours. The annual milk yield per exotic cow lies between 400-600 gallons. Some farmers buy additional bran and pyrethrum cake; they also grow grass for fodder, either in terraces between the coffee or in separate plots. If the cows are properly looked after, fodder grass shows greater monetary returns per acre than either coffee or bananas. Hence grass becomes another cash crop.
Yet they are adopted only gradually, if at all. This is especially true of measures to check erosion. Where terracing or ridging are not al ready customary, they are rejected. In exceptional cases only do the sowing time, the seeds and plants, the intervals between rows, weed-control, the tending of the crops etc. conform to what might be expected and to what the farmer could manage without toO much 1 In the cotton region of the Wasukuma this is true with certain reservations. At the beginning of the rainy season some maize is plan ted.
On natural grazing a density of 10 acres per livestock unit can be considered suitable, on weIl managed pasture a fodder growth of 1-5 acres is sufficient. Experience on some ranches indicates that the usual diseases can be kept under control. The low productivity of animal husbandry is due principally to institutional features. The traditional forms of crop farming leave little scope for differentiation among farmers. The size of the farm is limited by the family's capacity for labour. The practice of employing wage-earners gives rise to aseries of unusual problems: supervision of the workers, organization of work processes, provision of ready cash to pay wages, discharging unsuitable workers, etc.
Agricultural Development in Tanganyika by Hans Ruthenberg