Al-Māturīdī und die Sunnitische Theologie in Samarkand by Ulrich Rudolph PDF

By Ulrich Rudolph

ISBN-10: 9004100237

ISBN-13: 9789004100237

Al-Māturīdī (d. 944 CE), the widespread ḥanafī student from Samarqand, succeeded in formulating a theological doctrine that's largely authorized in Sunnī Islam to at the present time. the current quantity examines his teachings by way of describing their central features and situating them within the heritage of kalām.
The first half investigates the improvement of ḥanafī notion in Transoxania earlier than Māturīdī's time. the second one half bargains with the opposite non secular teams (in specific the Mu‘tazilites) which emerged during this sector in the course of his lifetime. half 3 exhibits how he defined and defended the placement of his academics. In doing so, he reformed their conventional perspectives, thereby constructing his personal theology which then turned the root of a brand new culture, viz. the Māturīdite tuition.

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For a different understanding of this passage a n d a possibility that Porphyry wrote his book later in R o m e , see T . D . Barnes, "Scholarship or Propaganda? Porphyry Against the Christians a n d its Historical Setting", Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies 39 (1994), pp. 6 0 - 6 2 . 86 Porphyry, Life of Plotinus 6,1. the testimony of b o t h Porphyry and Eusebius. J. 87 thought that Porphyry wrote t h e b o o k j u s t b e f o r e o r j u s t a f t e r t h e d e a t h o f P l o t i n u s , i n 2 7 0 CE.

More- over, a c c o r d i n g to J e s u s ' w o r d s , t h e m a j o r task of t h e M e s s i a h on e a r t h w o u l d b e to c o n c e a l t h e light of k n o w l e d g e f r o m wise m e n in o r d e r t o r e v e a l it t o c h i l d r e n a n d f o o l s ( F . 5 2 ) . A n e x a m p l e o f v a g u e a n d enigmatic discourse was the parable c o m p a r i n g the k i n g d o m of heaven no to a mustard seed (Matt. 13:3132‫)־‬. The parable had m e a n i n g . T h e s e w e r e futile fantasies u n w o r t h y e v e n of d a y d r e a m i n g m a t r o n s .

116 This knowledge enabled h i m to calculate the date a of M o s e s , a n d particularly, to e x a m i n e meticulously t h e b o o k of D a n i e l (F. 43). P o r p h y r y ' s c r i t i q u e o f D a n i e l is w e l l k n o w n . I n t h e t w e l f t h o f Against the Christians, book h e treats t h e q u e s t i o n of t h e a u t h e n t i c i t y the b o o k of D a n i e l . J e r o m e ' s c o m m e n t a r y o n D a n i e l preserves of many of P o r p h y r y ' s a r g u m e n t s , a n d s u m m a r i z e s the latter's basic v i e w t h a t D a n i e l w a s n o t t h e a u t h o r of the biblical b o o k .

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Al-Māturīdī und die Sunnitische Theologie in Samarkand by Ulrich Rudolph


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