Various's Altruistic Emotion, Cognition, and Behavior (PLE Emotion) PDF

By Various

ISBN-10: 1848727801

ISBN-13: 9781848727809

Emotion (or have an effect on) is a cross-disciplinary topic in psychology. Psychology Library variations: Emotion (12 quantity set) brings jointly as one set, or person volumes, a chain of formerly out-of-print titles, released among 1976 and 1999. Written through a variety of authors from various backgrounds and spanning varied components of psychology, similar to scientific, cognitive, developmental and social, the set covers a number techniques together with examine on young children and teenagers. a good chance to realize a wealth of data and heritage in an enormous box of psychology.

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Sample text

Batson (1984) has proposed a model for differentiating between altruistically (sympathetically) motivated helping and egoistically (personal distress) motivated helping. In his view, because the altruist' s goal is to reduce the other' s distress, the costs for not helping are high, whereas there is little gain for the potential helper in escaping (leaving before helping). In contrast, if the goal for helping is primarily egoistic (the reduction of aversive personal arousal), this goal can be more easily achieved by escaping than helping, if escape is possible and easy.

Clearly, prosocial affects such as empathy could play a role in goal selection and resolution of goal conftict. However, because emotions and motivations are not readily accessible to empirical measurement, von Cranach et al. (1982) and many other action theorists have chosen to focus on the cognitive and behavioral components of action. Values, including moral values, are an important component of action theory models of behavior. Values are defined by von Cranach et al. (1982) as "an enduring, non-specific cognition the content of which is esteemed and to be striven for.

We are likely to appeal to so me such inner virtue, however, to explain why a person behaves weil with respect to his fellow men, but he does so not because his fellow men have endowed hirn with a sense of responsibility of obligation or with loyalty or respect for others but because they have arranged effective social contingencies. " 1107-108). 18 2. PHILOSOPHICAL AND THEORETICAL ROOTS Some classical learning theorists have even attempted to explain moral principles such as a sense of justice exclusively in terms of reinforcement.

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Altruistic Emotion, Cognition, and Behavior (PLE Emotion) by Various

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