Read e-book online American Science in an Age of Anxiety: Scientists, PDF

By Jessica Wang

ISBN-10: 080782447X

ISBN-13: 9780807824474

No specialist crew within the usa benefited extra from global battle II than the medical neighborhood. After the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, scientists loved remarkable public visibility and political effect as a brand new elite whose services now appeared severe to America's destiny. yet because the usa grew devoted to chilly conflict clash with the Soviet Union and the ideology of anticommunism got here to dominate American politics, scientists confronted an more and more lively routine of safety and loyalty clearances in addition to the specter of intrusive investigations via the infamous residence Committee on Un-American actions and different govt bodies.
This ebook is the 1st significant examine of yankee scientists' encounters with chilly conflict anticommunism within the decade after global warfare II. through analyzing situations of person scientists subjected to loyalty and protection investigations, the organizational reaction of the clinical neighborhood to political assaults, and the relationships among chilly conflict ideology and postwar technology coverage, Jessica Wang demonstrates the stifling results of anticommunist ideology at the politics of technological know-how. She exposes the deep divisions over the chilly battle in the medical group and offers a fancy tale of demanding offerings, a neighborhood in problem, and roads no longer taken.

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A firm believer in internationalism, he opposed military control of science as detrimental to both science and international relations. An emphasis on the military applications of science, Condon argued, meant restrictions on information exchanges between scientists of different nations, leading to an atmosphere of distrust. He wrote presciently: ‘‘It is sinister indeed how one evil step leads to another. Having created an air of suspicion and mistrust, there will be persons among us who think other nations can know nothing except what is learned by espionage.

During late March, McMahon’s staff made additional changes to satisfy the objections of some scae members. Among other alterations, the section entitled ‘‘Dissemination of Information’’ was changed to ‘‘Control of Information,’’ the original insistent language on freedom of information exchange was dropped, and the penalties for secrecy and security violations were strengthened. The scae also deleted the proposed commission’s mandate to study the social, political, and economic implications of atomic energy.

A. C. R. ’’∂∑ A 1944 pamphlet by Grundfest, geologist and aasw president Kirtley F. ∂∏ In addition, Grundfest applauded Kilgore’s principle that patents derived from publicly funded research should be dedicated to the public welfare. At a 1945 conference on the relationship between science and democracy, Grundfest argued that private industry tended to use patents to stifle scientific research. Drawing on the work of Thurman Arnold, Grundfest contended, ‘‘The problem is not in the individual patent, but in the corporative control of patents.

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American Science in an Age of Anxiety: Scientists, Anticommunism, and the Cold War by Jessica Wang

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