By Trevor Munroe
Crucial fabric for first-year scholars in social sciences and for the overall reader attracted to the fundamentals of latest politics.
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Extra info for An Introduction to Politics: Lectures for First Year Students
This is not only characteristic of Jamaica or the Caribbean but is a global phenomenon. As a generalization regarding the dimension of leadership, political culture in various countries and political culture globally is moving from relationships of deference to more egalitarian relationships requiring more participation and more mutual respect between leader and follower. If we understand this and apply it to our own experience then we begin to see a little more clearly why it is that leaders who cannot change from the old approaches are left behind, wondering why there are fewer and fewer followers, particularly among the younger age groups.
The government is responsible for the everyday guidance of the state but it is not the state. The government is that part of the state that is responsible for the coordination of policy but governments can and do change, whereas the state continues. The state, for example, includes the police, military, civil service, and machinery for tax collection. None of these changes when the government changes. The state has the quality of supreme authority or sovereignty. The state has supreme authority over everything in its geographic boundaries but may not be the only authority.
We see from this definition that the state has both power and authority: it has the capacity to enforce and it has the right to enforce. State power and state authority are divided into several different parts or branches: 1. Legislative power – the power to make laws. 2. Executive power – the power to administer or execute laws. This includes the public service or civil service bureaucracy. 3. Judicial power – the power to determine whether laws are broken and what punishments are to be inflicted.
An Introduction to Politics: Lectures for First Year Students by Trevor Munroe