By Rodolfo C. Severino
Due to the fact its founding in 1967, the organization of Southeast Asian countries has been an more and more huge a part of the lifetime of Southeast Asia, even if most folks within the sector recognize little or no approximately it. ASEAN has helped carry peace and balance to the quarter. It has effectively engaged the world's significant powers, in East Asia and past. ASEAN has taken steps to combine the local economic climate as a massive technique of cooperatively bettering the region's competitiveness, attracting investments, producing jobs, elevating earning, and decreasing bills and costs. ASEAN has additionally shaped networks for facing neighborhood difficulties like communicable ailments, environmental degradation, and transnational crime. a necessary a part of the Southeast Asia historical past sequence, this ebook seeks to shed a few gentle on what ASEAN is all approximately.
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Additional info for ASEAN
Tariffs were not brought down to absolute levels but were merely accorded margins of preference. This meant that, since tariffs were cut by a certain ASEAN and the Regional Economy 45 percentage, those that had been high to begin with remained relatively high. It also meant that the ASEAN countries had different tariff rates on trade among themselves. Moreover, the preferences were applied to negotiated lists of products rather than across the board. This led to the spectacle of ASEAN states, in the protectionist spirit of the times, offering concessions on many products that they did not import.
In December 1995, ASEAN concluded the ASEAN Framework Agreement on Services, which was meant to remove most restrictions on intra-regional trade in services, liberalizing such trade beyond the commitments made under the global General Agreement on Trade in Services. Since then, ASEAN has concluded ﬁve packages of commitments involving business services, construction, distribution, education, environmental services, health care, maritime transport, telecommunications and tourism. In addition, two packages have been worked out for ﬁnancial services and two for air transport.
However, AICO involves only intra-company trade and cannot be considered as an indication of the success of AFTA as a whole. As noted above, market integration takes more than the removal of tariffs, and ASEAN has taken steps to address the other requirements of integration. It has adopted certain norms to achieve greater coordination, consistency and efﬁciency in customs operations in the region, but the progress of reform in the practices of national customs administrations is quite uneven. ASEAN has committed itself to product standardization and has adopted common standards for certain products.
ASEAN by Rodolfo C. Severino