By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Naval Studies Board, Committee for an Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology
Non-lethal guns (NLWs) are designed to lessen fatalities and different undesired collateral harm whilst used. occasions of the previous few years together with the assault at the USS Cole have raised rules in regards to the position NLWs can play in improving aid to naval forces. specifically to what quantity and in what parts may still division of the military (DoN) -sponsored technological know-how and know-how (S&T) supply a study base for constructing NLW features? to help with this query and to guage the present NLWs application, the Joint Non-Lethal guns Directorate (JNLWD) and the place of work of Naval study (ONR) asked the nationwide examine Council practice an review of NLWs technology and expertise. The record offers the result of that overview. It discusses promising NLW S&T parts, improvement accomplishments and issues approximately NLW, and sequence of techniques approximately destiny NLW improvement and application.
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This approach works for vehicles with modern electrical systems, especially those utilizing a computer. In most cases, the computer/electrical system is temporarily interrupted, and the engine can be restarted. The approach does not work as well—or at all—on vintage vehicles or diesels. In law enforcement applications of vehicle stopping, two systems have been employed: (1) stationary contact points positioned to anticipate a passing vehicle, and (2) small delivery vehicles designed to overtake and make contact with an offending vehicle.
So far, this approach has been tested only THE CURRENT STATUS OF NON-LETHAL WEAPONS 29 in cadaver lenses. Although the fluorescence effect is known and documented, the potential for optical damage to the retina or other portions of the eye remains uncertain. Unlike the veiling glare system, flash grenades produce a single intense burst of incandescent light, most often by the explosive combustion of some sort of fuel, and a significant pressure concussion accompanies the flash. An alternative approach utilizing a fuel-air mixture containing a metalized powder would reduce the potential for unanticipated injury by reducing the concussion pressure by a factor of 100.
Armed patrol boats may not be acceptable to host nations. S. ships in international harbors must rely on diplomatic negotiation, not just on the technological ability to distinguish a legitimate threat from many benign activities. Having non-lethal weapons options available could support such negotiations. Other Defensive Needs While the need for protection of ships in port is an all-too-familiar example following the attack on the USS Cole, other types of defensive mission needs can also be facilitated by NLWs.
Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Naval Studies Board, Committee for an Assessment of Non-Lethal Weapons Science and Technology