By Bjorn M. Felder, Paul J. Weindling
The historical past of eugenics within the Baltic States is essentially unknown. The e-book compares for the 1st time the eugenic initiatives of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and the similar disciplines of racial anthropology and psychiatry, and situates them in the wider ecu context. powerful ethno-nationalism outlined the kingdom as a organic team, which was once fostered via authoritarian regimes verified in Lithuania in 1926, and in Estonia and Latvia in 1934. The eugenics tasks have been designed to set up a state in organic phrases. Their goals have been to render the kingdom ethnically, genetically and racially homogeneous. the most schedule used to be a non-democratic nation that outlined its inhabitants in organic phrases. Eugenic rules have been to regenerate the state and to reconstruct it as a "pure" and "original" race, Such schemes for nationwide regeneration contained robust parts of secular faith.
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Additional info for Baltic Eugenics : Bio-Politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940
The first chairman of the eugenics society, anti-alcohol activist Alexander Rammul (1875-1949), was a professor of hygiene at the University of Tartu. Members of the society’s first board were paediatrics professor Aadu Lüüs (1878-1967), the society’s chairman in 1925-37; biologist Alexander Audova (1892-1932); Dr. Juhan Vilms (1893-1952), who studied to be a physical education professor but later opened a private practice in venereology in Tallinn; professor of theology and later rector of the University of Tartu and the Archbishop of Estonia in exile, Johan Kõpp (1874-1970); socialist feminist activist Minni Kurs-Olesk (1879-1940); and leftist historian and later professor Peeter Treiberg (1894-1953).
The eugenic movement was strong: in 1924 a eugenics society was founded. Eugenics was well perceived by the authoritarian political system in Estonia – the latter, besides attempting to biologise the national concept through the term of national entity, was aiming towards a corporate system of statebuilding, and fostered applied eugenics. 1. Introduction The ideology of eugenics has been more widespread than its application. The latter is mostly connected to eugenic legislation, notably the so-called sterilisation laws.
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Baltic Eugenics : Bio-Politics, Race and Nation in Interwar Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania 1918-1940 by Bjorn M. Felder, Paul J. Weindling